history meme | three inventions ∙ alberto santos dumont’s 14-bis
In October 23, 1906 the Brazilian Alberto Santos Dumont made the first mechanical flight on a heavier-than-air machine: at 4 p.m. his airplane, the “14-bis”, rose from the ground and traveled the distance of 60 meters at a height of 2 to 3 meters: a small flight for a man but a great flight for humanity!
On November 12, he set the first aviation record in the world, flying 220 meters in 21 ½ seconds with members of the Aero-Club du France in attendance. This won Santos Dumont a prize of 1500 francs for making the first flight over 100 meters. The flight was observed by officials from what would become the Federation Aeronautique Internationale (the designated keeper of aviation records), and was credited the first mechanical flight in the world.
When Santos Dumont decided to attack the problem of the mechanical flight, this conception was considered utopian by his contemporaries, and remained so until 1905. After Dumont’s flight, nobody doubted more of the possibility of the mechanical flight. French Captain Ferber in his book “Aviation” written in 1907, says: “The Brazilian inventor has proved that flying machines can fly,” which is equivalent to saying that until then nobody else had. [x]
But didn’t the Wright Brothers precede him by three years? Or am I missing something?
I love this so much, I’m pasting it in wholesale. From Ian Bogost, of Georgia Institute of Technology, writing in the LA Review:
MOOCs are a kind of entertainment media. We are living in an age of para-educationalism: TED Talks, “big idea” books, and the professional lecture circuit have reconfigured the place of ideas (of a certain kind) in the media mainstream. Flattery, attention, the appeal of celebrity, the aspiration to become a member of a certain community, and other triumphs of personality have become the currency of thinking, even as anti-intellectualism remains ascendant. MOOCs buttress this situation, one in which the professor is meant to become an entertainer more than an educator or a researcher. The fact that MOOC proponents have even toyed with the idea of hiring actors to present video lectures only underscores the degree to which MOOCs aspire to reinvent education as entertainment.
Cruel Intentions (1999) — Ghost-written at the same time as She’s All That. Shyamalan worked on one script during the day and the other at night. He slept standing up in a closet for six minutes at a time.
Dangerous Liasons (1988) — This is just a warm-up for Cruel Intentions, so it makes perfect sense that a young Shyamalan cut his teeth on it.
Can’t Hardly Wait (1998) — Credited as “M. Day Shyamalan.”
She’s The Man (2006) — This gender-bending teen Shakespeare adaptation gave rise to a lifelong friendship between Shyamalan and Amanda Bynes. He plans to appear at any of her future court dates.
The Happening (2008) — Took his name off it out of embarrassment.
Clever. You almost had me there.